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Hate Crime in Scotland, 2020-21

An Official Statistics publication for Scotland

A report on Hate Crime in Scotland 2020-21 was published today. This brings together figures on race crime, and on crime motivated by prejudice related to religion, disability, sexual orientation and transgender identity.


The main findings are:

 

  • The total number of charges reported to COPFS containing at least one element of hate crime increased to 5,525 in 2020-21, 4% more than 2019-20.
  • The majority of hate crime charges contain a racial element. However, the proportion that contain a racial element has generally decreased over the last ten years, from 75% in 2011-12 to 59% in 2020-21. The proportion of hate crime charges that relate to sexual orientation has increased from 11% to 29% over the same period.
  • There were 3,285 charges relating to race crime reported in 2020-21, an increase of 6% compared to 2019-20. The number of charges has increased since 2018-19 but is still 28% lower than the peak in such charges in 2011-12, when 4,547 were reported.
  • The number of charges reported with a sexual orientation aggravation increased by 5% in 2020-21 to 1,580. Except for 2014-15, there have been year on year increases in charges reported since the legislation introducing this aggravation came into force in 2010.
  • There were 573 charges with a religious aggravation reported in 2020-21, 14% fewer than in 2019-20.
  • The number of disability aggravated charges increased by 14% to 448 in 2020-21. With the exception of 2016-17, there have been year on year increases in charges reported since the legislation introducing this aggravation came into force in 2010.
  • There were 46 charges reported in 2020-21 with an aggravation of transgender identity, compared to 47 in 2019-20.

 

Additional information:

  1. The figures quoted relate to the number of charges rather than the number of individuals charged or the number of incidents that gave rise to such charges. Where a charge has more than one hate crime aggravation, it is included in the overall figures for each type of hate crime into which it falls.
  2. The publication does not include information on convictions or conviction rates. Many of the charges reported in 2020-21 will not yet have reached conviction stage. The Scottish Government Criminal Proceedings database is the usual source for convictions data, and they have published figures for years up to 2019-20 on people with a main charge proved with an aggravator recorded - see tables 12 and 13 at Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2019-20 
  3. The full report can be accessed here: Hate Crime in Scotland 2020-21.pdf (copfs.gov.uk)